The tea plant is known by the herb name Camellia sinensis. There are simply a few kinds of the tea plant, which are utilized to produce the five staple true teas consisting of environment-friendly tea as well as black tea. These teas consist of differing degrees of caffeine as well as boast wellness advantages varying from immune assistance to improved relaxation. Get yourself a favorite and also find out more about the tea plant including both primary kinds plus just how it’s grown and also harvested.
Varieties of The Tea Plant
There are two primary ranges of tea plant: one that in native to China and one that is belonging to India. Right here, we’ll damage down the differences in between the two types.
Camellia Sinensis (Chinese Tea).
This type of tea plant was initially found in China and also is characterized by small leaves. The tea shrubs are cold tolerant as well as generally grow at high altitudes. The plant is most commonly found in the high mountainous regions of China and Japan but is currently located around the world. Given that these plants are grown in chillier and cloudier climates, they expand much more gradually than other sorts of tea plants. High altitude teas often tend to use a much more nuanced flavor as well as fragile fragrance. This little fallen leave tea plant is mainly utilized to generate green tea, white tea, and oolong tea.
Camellia Sinensis var Assamica (Indian Tea).
This sort of tea plant is cultivated in India as well as is grown in exotic environments at lower elevations. The leaves of this tea plant are a lot bigger than their Chinese equivalents. The tea is additionally referred to as Assam tea as well as is one of one of the most famous teas from India. Darjeeling, an additional preferred Indian tea is really cultivated making use of the Chinese tea plant since this kind of black tea is grown at greater elevations in Northern India.
While famously grown in India, this broadleaf cultivar is additionally grown in the damp, damp climates of the Szechuan and also Yunnan provinces of China. The tea leaves are dark environment-friendly as well as feature a glossy luster dotted by white blossoms. This Camellia sinensis plant delights in full sun and cozy environments to generate natural notes and also is mostly utilized to make black tea or pu-erh tea.
How Are Tea Plant Kingdom Cultivated?
Tea plants are really evergreen hedges or small trees that expand fairly high. Most tea gardens prune the shrubs to 6 feet to make tweezing and also harvesting easier. The tea plant boasts a strong origin sphere and also flowers yearly, normally with seven or eight petals on each blossom. In general, the tea tree appreciates environments that receive at least 50 inches of rainfall yearly as well as can be grown in the USA Department of Farming (USDA) strength zones 7 to 9. The small tree grows in acidic dirts, which must be well-drained as standing water can trigger origin rot.
The tea plants are utilized to produce various sorts of tea, depending upon the age as well as quality of the tea leaves. The majority of harvests happen in springtime as well as the finest teas use just the young tea leaves and leaf buds from each shoot. Consistently pruning the plant encourages brand-new growth, raising the yield of each plant.